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タイトル: Tsunami-tendenko and morality in disasters.
著者: Kodama, Satoshi  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
著者名の別形: 児玉, 聡
発行日: 26-Mar-2013
出版者: BMJ Publishing Group
誌名: Journal of medical ethics
巻: 41
号: 5
開始ページ: 361
終了ページ: 363
抄録: Disaster planning challenges our morality. Everyday rules of action may need to be suspended during large-scale disasters in favour of maxims that that may make prudential or practical sense and may even be morally preferable but emotionally hard to accept, such as tsunami-tendenko. This maxim dictates that the individual not stay and help others but run and preserve his or her life instead. Tsunami-tendenko became well known after the great East Japan earthquake on 11 March 2011, when almost all the elementary and junior high school students in one city survived the tsunami because they acted on this maxim that had been taught for several years. While tsunami-tendenko has been praised, two criticisms of it merit careful consideration: one, that the maxim is selfish and immoral; and two, that it goes against the natural tendency to try to save others in dire need. In this paper, I will explain the concept of tsunami-tendenko and then respond to these criticisms. Such ethical analysis is essential for dispelling confusion and doubts about evacuation policies in a disaster.
著作権等: This article has been accepted for publication in 'Journal of medical ethics' following peer review. The definitive copyedited, typeset version [Satoshi Kodama. Tsunami-tendenko and morality in disasters. J Med Ethics 2015;41:361-363 doi:10.1136/medethics-2012-100813.] is available online at: http://jme.bmj.com/content/41/5/361.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/200901
DOI(出版社版): 10.1136/medethics-2012-100813
PubMed ID: 23533054
出現コレクション:学術雑誌掲載論文等

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