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Title: Life cycle assessment of hydrogenated biodiesel production from waste cooking oil using the catalytic cracking and hydrogenation method.
Authors: Yano, Junya  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Aoki, Tatsuki
Nakamura, Kazuo
Yamada, Kazuo
Sakai, Shin-ichi
Author's alias: 矢野, 順也
Keywords: Waste-to-fuel
Biodiesel fuel (BDF)
Hydrogenated biodiesel (HBD)
Waste cooking oil
Catalytic cracking method
Life cycle assessment (LCA)
Issue Date: Apr-2015
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Journal title: Waste management
Volume: 38
Start page: 409
End page: 423
Abstract: There is a worldwide trend towards stricter control of diesel exhaust emissions, however presently, there are technical impediments to the use of FAME (fatty acid methyl esters)-type biodiesel fuel (BDF). Although hydrogenated biodiesel (HBD) is anticipated as a new diesel fuel, the environmental performance of HBD and its utilization system have not been adequately clarified. Especially when waste cooking oil is used as feedstock, not only biofuel production but also the treatment of waste cooking oil is an important function for society. A life cycle assessment (LCA), including uncertainty analysis, was conducted to determine the environmental benefits (global warming, fossil fuel consumption, urban air pollution, and acidification) of HBD produced from waste cooking oil via catalytic cracking and hydrogenation, compared with fossil-derived diesel fuel or FAME-type BDF. Combined functional unit including "treatment of waste cooking oil" and "running diesel vehicle for household waste collection" was established in the context of Kyoto city, Japan. The calculation utilized characterization, damage, and integration factors identified by LIME2, which was based on an endpoint modeling method. The results show that if diesel vehicles that comply with the new Japanese long-term emissions gas standard are commonly used in the future, the benefit of FAME-type BDF will be relatively limited. Furthermore, the scenario that introduced HBD was most effective in reducing total environmental impact, meaning that a shift from FAME-type BDF to HBD would be more beneficial.
Rights: © 2015. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
The full-text file will be made open to the public on 01 May 2017 in accordance with publisher's 'Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving'.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.wasman.2015.01.014
PubMed ID: 25670164
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