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Title: Multiple conversion between the genes encoding bacterial class-I release factors
Authors: Ishikawa, Sohta A.
Kamikawa, Ryoma  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Inagaki, Yuji
Author's alias: 神川, 龍馬
Issue Date: 10-Aug-2015
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal title: Scientific Reports
Volume: 5
Thesis number: 12406
Abstract: Bacteria require two class-I release factors, RF1 and RF2, that recognize stop codons and promote peptide release from the ribosome. RF1 and RF2 were most likely established through gene duplication followed by altering their stop codon specificities in the common ancestor of extant bacteria. This scenario expects that the two RF gene families have taken independent evolutionary trajectories after the ancestral gene duplication event. However, we here report two independent cases of conversion between RF1 and RF2 genes (RF1-RF2 gene conversion), which were severely examined by procedures incorporating the maximum-likelihood phylogenetic method. In both cases, RF1-RF2 gene conversion was predicted to occur in the region encoding nearly entire domain 3, of which functions are common between RF paralogues. Nevertheless, the direction of gene conversion appeared to be opposite from one another - from RF2 gene to RF1 gene in one case, while from RF1 gene to RF2 gene in the other. The two cases of RF1-RF2 gene conversion prompt us to propose two novel aspects in the evolution of bacterial class-I release factors: (i) domain 3 is interchangeable between RF paralogues, and (ii) RF1-RF2 gene conversion have occurred frequently in bacterial genome evolution.
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit
DOI(Published Version): 10.1038/srep12406
PubMed ID: 26257102
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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