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Title: Electronic origin of antimicrobial activity owing to surface effect
Authors: Miyazawa, Naoki
Sakakibara, Susumu
Mabuchi, Mamoru
Hakamada, Masataka  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: 宮澤, 直己
榊原, 迪
馬渕, 守
袴田, 昌高
Issue Date: 31-Jan-2019
Publisher: Springer Nature
Journal title: Scientific Reports
Volume: 9
Thesis number: 1091
Abstract: Nanomaterials have displayed promising potential as antimicrobial materials. However, the antimicrobial mechanism owing to surface effects, where the emission of harmful substances such as metallic ions and reactive oxygen species is not required, is still poorly understood. It is important to figure out relationship between the physical properties and antimicrobial activity based on deep understanding of antimicrobial mechanism for their safe and effective applications. Here, we show that the work function is representative of the surface effect leading to antimicrobial activity, which originates from the electronic states of the surface. We investigated the antimicrobial activity and the work function of nanoporous Au-Pt and Au without the emission of Ag ion, and found that there was a positive correlation between them. In addition, we performed a first-principles calculation and molecular dynamics simulation to analyze the electronic states of the Au surface and the cell wall. These demonstrated that positive correlation was owing to peculiar electronic states at the Au surface, namely, the spilling out phenomenon of electrons. Our finding will contribute to advance the understanding of biological phenomena from a physical view.
Rights: © The Author(s) 2019. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
DOI(Published Version): 10.1038/s41598-018-37645-w
PubMed ID: 30705415
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