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Title: Wetland environmental bioreactor system contributes to the decomposition of cellulose
Authors: Liu, Wen
Tanimura, Aya
Nagara, Yumi
Watanabe, Tetsuhiro
Maegawa, Shingo
Toyohara, Haruhiko
Author's alias: 劉, 文
谷村, 彩
渡邉, 哲弘
前川, 真吾
豊原, 治彦
Keywords: cellulose breakdown
Corbicula japonica
environmental cellulase
invertebrate cellulase
wetland
Issue Date: Jul-2019
Publisher: Wiley
Journal title: Ecology and Evolution
Volume: 9
Issue: 14
Start page: 8013
End page: 8024
Abstract: Recently, numerous species of aquatic invertebrates inhabiting wetlands have been shown to possess endogenous cellulase, following the discovery that termites have cellulase genes encoded in their own genome rather than relying on symbiotic bacteria for decomposing cellulose. Wetlands have been empirically shown to play an important role in the decomposition of land‐originating hard‐to‐degrade polysaccharides such as cellulose. However, the mechanism that connects the cellulase producer and the wetlands remains unknown, which makes it very difficult to evaluate the ecological function of wetlands. Here we found that a macrobenthic bivalve, Corbicula japonica, secretes its cellulase to the wetland sediment. Secreted cellulases are immobilized in the components of the sediment. Moreover, adding cellulose or glucose to C. japonica could trigger its cellulase secretion level. These findings suggest a novel wetland cellulose decomposition mechanism. The decomposition ability of wetlands was previously ascribed only to microbes and/or invertebrates that contain cellulases. Our findings suggest that benthic animals supply wetlands with their enzymes as decomposition agents, while wetland sediments serve as immobilization scaffolds for the enzymes. This system, which was named by us an “environmental bioreactor system, ” could provide a key function in wetlands.
Rights: © 2019 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/243266
DOI(Published Version): 10.1002/ece3.5326
PubMed ID: 31380068
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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