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Title: Lithium Vapor Chemistry of Hyper-Stoichiometric Lithium Metatitanate Li₂.₁₂(₂)TiO₃+y
Authors: Mukai, Keisuke  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Yasumoto, Masaru
Terai, Takayuki
Author's alias: 向井, 啓祐
Issue Date: 21-May-2020
Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)
Journal title: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume: 124
Start page: 10870
End page: 10877
Abstract: Developing a better ceramic breeder (Li-containing oxide) is a key challenge for realizing fuel-self-sufficient fusion reactors. Ceramic breeder pebbles of hyper-stoichiometric lithium metatitanate, Li2+xTiO3+y (Li/Ti > 2), have been developed for a demonstration fusion reactor as high Li density enhances fuel tritium production. Previous studies have reported that Li loss by vaporization at high temperatures was largely enhanced by the increase in Li/Ti ratio and environmental moisture concentration. Minimizing the Li loss is a key issue for sufficient tritium breeding and reduced corrosion of structural steel. However, a suitable environmental parameter for hyper-stoichiometric Li2+xTiO3+y pebbles has not yet been determined because of the unavailability of thermodynamic data. Herein, a solid/gas equilibria for Li2.12(2)TiO3+y was investigated by measuring vapor pressures using atmosphere controllable Knudsen cell high temperature mass spectrometry. The enhanced thermodynamic activities of Li and Li2O in Li2.12(2)TiO3+y in comparison with those in stoichiometric Li2TiO3 were obtained as functions of temperature and oxygen concentration. The equilibrium constants were used to achieve the optimum moisture concentration that can suppress the vapor reactions in a cylindrical breeding zone with inhomogeneous temperature distribution.
Rights: This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see [insert ACS Articles on Request author-directed link to Published Work, see
The full-text file will be made open to the public on 8 May 2021 in accordance with publisher's 'Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving'.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
DOI(Published Version): 10.1021/acs.jpcc.0c02454
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