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Title: Management of wood resources: A dilemma between conservation and livelihoods in a rural district in the Aral region
Authors: Matsui, Kayo
Akhapov, Yerlan
Kussainova, Maira
Funakawa, Shinya  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Author's alias: 舟川, 晋也
Keywords: Black saxaul (Haloxylon aphyllum)
Tamarisk (Tamarix hispida)
The Aral Sea
FuelwoodResidents' perceptions
Forest management
Issue Date: Dec-2017
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Journal title: Energy for Sustainable Development
Volume: 41
Start page: 121
End page: 127
Abstract: This study focused on black saxaul (Haloxylon aphyllum) and tamarisk (Tamarix hispida), which are economically and environmentally important trees in one of the most arid parts of the Aral region. Black saxaul is the main local fuelwood species. However, its extraction was banned after it became critically endangered in the 1990s. Planting this species is now regarded as essential for rehabilitating the Aralkum Desert in light of the Aral Sea crisis. Tamarisk is another fuelwood species that supports local livelihoods. We administered questionnaires among residents in Karateren district and conducted interviews with some residents and with policymakers responsible for regulating forest management. The findings revealed a significantly higher preference for black saxaul than for tamarisk among residents, with a high potential demand for the former. Moreover, some residents observed a decrease in tamarisk biomass, which could accelerate as a result of constant population growth in the study district. We recommend conducting an assessment of logging sites and establishing a feedback system involving local communities to develop risk management that can address future shortages in wood supplies and over logging. Political decision making should also consider the uneven preferences of residents of this region for fuelwood species.
Rights: © 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.esd.2017.08.010
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