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Title: Cognitive and neural underpinnings of goal maintenance in young children
Authors: Yanaoka, Kaichi/ Moriguchi, Yusuke/ Saito, Satoru
Author's alias: 森口, 佑介
齊藤, 智
Keywords: Goal maintenance
Goal neglect
Functional near-infrared spectroscopy
Lateral prefrontal cortex
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal title: Cognition
Volume: 203
Thesis number: 104378
Abstract: Active maintenance of goal representations is an integral part of our mental regulatory processes. Previous developmental studies have highlighted goal neglect, which is the phenomenon caused by a failure to maintain goal representations, and demonstrated developmental changes of the ability to maintain goal representations among preschoolers. Yet, few studies have explored the cognitive mechanisms underlying preschoolers' development of goal maintenance. The first aim of this study was to test whether working memory capacity and inhibitory control contribute to goal maintenance using a paradigm for measuring goal neglect. Moreover, although recent studies have shown that preschoolers recruit lateral prefrontal regions in performing executive functions tasks, they could not specify the neural underpinnings of goal maintenance. Thus, the second aim was to examine whether lateral prefrontal regions played a key role in maintaining goal representations using functional near-infrared spectroscopy. Our results showed that developmental differences in inhibitory control predicted the degree of goal neglect. It was also demonstrated that activation in the right prefrontal region was associated with children's successful avoidance of goal neglect. These findings offer important insights into the cognitive and neural underpinnings of goal maintenance in preschoolers.
Rights: © 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
The full-text file will be made open to the public on 1 October 2021 in accordance with publisher's 'Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving'.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.cognition.2020.104378
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