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Title: Influence of DNA extraction kits on freshwater fungal DNA metabarcoding
Authors: Matsuoka, Shunsuke
Sugiyama, Yoriko
Nagano, Mariko
Doi, Hideyuki
Author's alias: 松岡, 俊将
杉山, 賢子
Keywords: Environmental DNA
Fungi
Metabarcoding
Freshwater
Method
Issue Date: 27-May-2022
Publisher: PeerJ
Journal title: PeerJ
Volume: 10
Thesis number: e13477
Abstract: [Background] Environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding is a common technique for efficient biodiversity monitoring, especially of microbes. Recently, the usefulness of aquatic eDNA in monitoring the diversity of both terrestrial and aquatic fungi has been suggested. In eDNA studies, different experimental factors, such as DNA extraction kits or methods, can affect the subsequent analyses and the results of DNA metabarcoding. However, few methodological studies have been carried out on eDNA of fungi, and little is known about how experimental procedures can affect the results of biodiversity analysis. In this study, we focused on the effect of DNA extraction method on fungal DNA metabarcoding using freshwater samples obtained from rivers and lakes. [Methods] DNA was extracted from freshwater samples using the DNeasy PowerSoil kit, which is mainly used to extractmicrobial DNA from soil, and the DNeasy Blood & Tissue kit, which is commonly used for eDNA studies on animals. We then compared PCR inhibition and fungal DNA metabarcoding results; i.e., operational taxonomic unit (OTU) number and composition of the extracted samples. [Results] No PCR inhibition was detected in any of the samples, and no significant differences in the number of OTUs and OTU compositions were detected between the samples processed using different kits. These results indicate that both DNA extraction kits may provide similar diversity results for the river and lake samples evaluated in this study. Therefore, it may be possible to evaluate the diversity of fungi using a unified experimental method, even with samples obtained for diversity studies on other taxa such as those of animals.
Rights: © 2022 Matsuoka et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. For attribution, the original author(s), title, publication source (PeerJ) and either DOI or URL of the article must be cited.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/275981
DOI(Published Version): 10.7717/peerj.13477
PubMed ID: 35651749
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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