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Title: Prior task experience increases five-year-old children’s use of proactive control: Behavioral and pupillometric evidence
Authors: Yanaoka, Kaichi
van't Wout, Félice
Saito, Satoru  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Jarrold, Christopher
Author's alias: 柳岡, 開地
齊藤, 智
Keywords: children
near transfer
prior task experience
proactive control
task knowledge
Issue Date: Sep-2022
Publisher: Wiley
Journal title: Developmental Science
Volume: 25
Issue: 5
Thesis number: e13181
Abstract: Children engage cognitive control reactively when they encounter conflicts; however, they can also resolve conflicts proactively. Recent studies have begun to clarify the mechanisms that support the use of proactive control in children; nonetheless, sufficient knowledge has not been accumulated regarding these mechanisms. Using behavioral and pupillometric measures, we tested the novel possibility that 5-year-old children (N = 58) learn to use proactive control via the acquisition of abstract task knowledge that captures regularities of the task. Participants were assigned to either a proactive training group or a control training group. In the proactive training group, participants engaged in a training phase where using proactive control was encouraged, followed by a test phase using different stimuli where both proactive and reactive control could be used. In the control training group, participants engaged in a training phase where both cognitive control strategies could be used, followed by a similarly-structured test phase using different stimuli. We demonstrated children in the control training group responded more quickly and accurately and showed greater cue-related pupil dilation in the test phase than in the training phase. However, there were no differences in response times, accuracies, and pupil dilation between the proactive and control training groups in the training and test phases. These findings suggest that prior task experience, that goes beyond specific knowledge about the timing of task goal activation, can lead children to engage more proactive control endogenously, even if they are not directly encouraged to do so.
Description: Special Issue: Development of self-regulation, cognitive control, and executive function (Part 1)
Rights: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [Yanaoka, K., van ’t Wout, F., Saito, S., & Jarrold, C. (2022). Prior task experience increases 5-year-old children's use of proactive control: Behavioral and pupillometric evidence. Developmental Science, 25, e13181.], which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
The full-text file will be made open to the public on 20 October 2022 in accordance with publisher's 'Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving'.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
DOI(Published Version): 10.1111/desc.13181
PubMed ID: 34623719
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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