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Title: Empathy and group processes in Japanese preschool children: The odd one out among friends receives less empathic concern
Authors: Takamatsu, Reina
Author's alias: 高松, 礼奈
Keywords: Empathy
Preschool children
Affective perspective taking
Group dynamics
Intergroup and intragroup
Issue Date: Sep-2022
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Journal title: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Volume: 221
Thesis number: 105460
Abstract: Research on empathy in intergroup contexts among children in collectivistic cultures is limited. To address this gap, this study examined empathic responding in two group contexts (intergroup and intragroup) among Japanese children by taking into account the collectivistic cultural context. Children aged 4 to 6 years participated in an experimental session (N = 50, Mage = 65.11 months). They listened to two versions of narratives about children of their age who were saddened because of a nasty wind that had blown their sand mountains away. The group membership and in-group status of the characters were manipulated. In the task, children rated the extent to which the characters were feeling sadness (affective perspective taking) and indicated the number of stars (empathic concern) for the characters. Age-related differences were found, with older children showing more affective perspective taking than younger children. Children of all age groups tended to express less empathic concern for the odd one out among friends (a loner in the group) than for the majority. Findings suggest that empathic responding is in part shaped by socialization, and cultural variations in empathy may emerge early in life.
Rights: © 2022 The Author. Published by Elsevier Inc.
This is an open access article under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.jecp.2022.105460
PubMed ID: 35569173
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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