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Title: Ethnohistory and Archaeology of the Ju/'hoansi Bushmen
Authors: SMITH, Andrew B.
Keywords: Sandveld Bushmen
Kalahari Debate
Encapsulation
Issue Date: Mar-2001
Publisher: The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Journal title: African study monographs. Supplementary issue.
Volume: 26
Start page: 15
End page: 25
Abstract: The 'Great Kalahari Debate' which revolved around the degree of isolation of the Ju/'hoansi Bushmen failed to adequately interrogate the Bushmen on what they knew of their own history. A combination of interviews with respected Ju/'hoansi elders and archaeological excavation indicates that those Bushmen living in the Sandveld of north-eastern Namibia, although in contact with Kavango farmers, would use them as a convenient source of hxaro exchange items only when needed. This meant only a limited number of exotic pieces were found in the excavations at the hxaro exchange place of Cho/ana in the Kaudom Reserve, suggesting that the Bushmen retained their independence. By way of contrast, hunters living in small rock shelters on the edge of Tswana settlements around Gaberone in Botswana gradually saw their cultural material being completely replaced by exotic goods and food, indicating encapsulation by the dominant society.
DOI: 10.14989/68410
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/68410
Appears in Collections:26 (African Hunter-Gatherers : Persisting Cultures and Contemporary Problems)

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