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dc.contributor.authorSaito, Satoruen
dc.contributor.authorJarrold, Christopheren
dc.contributor.authorRiby, Deborah M.en
dc.contributor.alternative齊藤, 智ja
dc.date.accessioned2009-09-28T02:08:56Z-
dc.date.available2009-09-28T02:08:56Z-
dc.date.issued2009-07-
dc.identifier.issn17470218-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2433/85251-
dc.descriptionThis is an electronic version of an article published in [Saito, S., C. Jarrold, and D. M. Riby. 2009. Exploring the forgetting mechanisms in working memory: Evidence from a reasoning span test. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 62, (7): 1401-1419.]. This Article is available online at: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all?content=10.1080/17470210802426924en
dc.description.abstractIn working memory (WM) span tests participants have to maintain to-be-remembered information while processing other, potentially distracting, information. Previous studies have shown that WM span scores are greater when span lists start with a long processing task and end with a short processing task than when these processing tasks are presented in the reverse order (e.g., Towse, Hitch, Hutton, 2000). In Experiment 1, we obtained a similar stimulus order effect in a reasoning span test, using reasoning sentences that were equated for length in terms of the number of constituent words, but which differed in processing complexity; span scores were greater when lists began with a complex sentence and ended with a simple sentence than when this stimulus order was reversed. In Experiment 2, the stimulus order effect was not found when processing duration was held constant while sentence complexity was varied using a computer-paced moving window presentation paradigm. These results suggest that duration-based constraints can affect degree of forgetting independently of the load generated during processing phases in WM span performance and therefore imply that time-related forgetting can occur in WM span tests, particularly when the difficulty of the processing component blocks active maintenance of to-be-remembered material.en
dc.language.isoeng-
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen
dc.rightsc 2008 The Experimental Psychology Society. 許諾条件により本文は2010-07-01に公開.ja
dc.rightsこの論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。ja
dc.rightsThis is not the published version. Please cite only the published version.en
dc.subjectReading spanen
dc.subjectResource sharingen
dc.subjectShort-term forgettingen
dc.subjectStimulus order effecten
dc.subjectTask switchingen
dc.subjectWorking memoryen
dc.titleExploring the forgetting mechanisms in working memory: Evidence from a reasoning span testen
dc.typejournal article-
dc.type.niitypeJournal Article-
dc.identifier.jtitleQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychologyen
dc.identifier.volume62-
dc.identifier.issue7-
dc.identifier.spage1401-
dc.identifier.epage1419-
dc.relation.doi10.1080/17470210802426924-
dc.textversionauthor-
dc.startdate.bitstreamsavailable2010-07-01-
dc.identifier.pmid19058051-
dcterms.accessRightsopen access-
dc.identifier.pissn1747-0218-
dc.identifier.eissn1747-0226-
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