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Title: Geographically weighted partial correlation for spatial analysis
Authors: Percival, Joseph
Tsutsumida, Narumasa  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: 堤田, 成政
Keywords: partial correlation
spatial statistics
geographically weighted approach
Issue Date: 30-Jun-2017
Publisher: Osterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften
Journal title: GI_Forum
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Start page: 36
End page: 43
Abstract: Spatial correlation between variables may exist if the observed data exhibits spatial variation in a manner that is described by Tobler's first law of geography. Partial correlation is useful when considering multivariate data as it can highlight the effects of certain control variables on the correlation between any two other variables. Techniques for estimating spatial correlation have been developed based on a geographically weighted scheme. However, a partial correlation technique for spatial data has not yet been considered. Hence, we describe a technique for obtaining geographically weighted partial correlation coefficients between three variables. This approach is then applied, as an example, to global climate data in order to explore the relationship between terrestrial vegetation (by NDVI proxy), land surface temperature, and precipitation in the year 2014. Spatial variations of those variables are observed and the geographically weighted correlation and partial correlation coefficients (along with associated levels of statistical significance) are compared.
Rights: GI_Forum implements the policy of open access publication after a double-blind peer review process through a highly international team of seasoned scientists for quality assurance. Special emphasis is put on actively supporting young scientists through formative reviews of their submissions. Only English language contributions are published. Contributions are published under a cc-by-nd license (
DOI(Published Version): 10.1553/giscience2017_01_s36
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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